1584 Ortelius - Europae
SOLD: 1584 Ortelius Europe with cartouche featuring Europa riding bull
34.2 x 46 cm (13½ x 18¼ in)
Original hand color
Richly-colored map of Europe, based partly on Mercator, with contributions by Magnus, Jenkinson, and Gastaldi. A ship sails in the stipple engraved ocean, below the title cartouche that features Europa riding a bull.
Abraham Ortelius (1527 – 1598) was a Flemish cartographer and geographer, conventionally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theatre of the World).
The first edition of this map was issued in 1570; this 1584 edition is identified by the absence of "Cum privilegio" in lower right, the addition of a narrow ornamental border, and cursive capitals "AFRICÆ PARS" across North Africa.
Cartographic sources: Gerard Mercator's 1554 map of Europe. Greenland from Mercator's 1569 world map. Both these maps for Iceland. Great Britain after Mercator's 1564 Great Britain map. Scandinavia from Olaus Magnus' 1539 Scandinavia map. Russia is based on Jenkinson's 1562 Russia map. The South Eastern part of this map based on Gastaldi's first map of Asia of 1559. Parts of the North African coast are based on Gastaldi's Africa map of 1564. Ortelius himself mentions in his Catalogus Auctorum also the Europa maps of Apianus, Cornelius Antonii of Frankfurt, Ioannes Bucius Ænicola of Paris, Jacob Homem Lusitanus printed in Venice, Ioannes Dominicus Methoneus of Venice, Nicolaus Nicolay printed in Antwerp by Ioannes Stelsium, and further Vopelius, Waldseemüller, and Christoph Zell of Nurnberg.
Some toning to paper, wear along centerfold, small tear in left margin, several verso tape repairs including at lower centerfold; very good.