1630 Mercator & Hondius - Legionis, Biscaiae et Guipiscoae Typus [old color]
Old color 1630 Mercator & Hondius map of the Basque region
Legionis, Biscaiae et Guipiscoae Typus
Gerard Mercator & Jocodus Hondius
34.6 x 47.8 cm (13.6 x 18.8 in)
Original hand color
Map showing the Spanish northern coast from the Asturies to the city of Bayonne, including the cities of Oviedo, Burgos, Bilbao, etc.
Its is decorated with two sailing ships and decorative title and scale cartouches.
Gerard Mercator was born in Rupelmonde in Flanders and studied in Louvain under Gemma Frisius, the Dutch writer, astronomer and mathematician. The excellence of his work brought under the patronage of Charles V, but in spite of his favor with the Emperor he was caught up in the persecution of Lutheran protestants and charged with heresy. While he escape serious consequences, no doubt the fear of further persecution influenced his move in 1552 to Duisburg, where he continued the production of maps, globes and instruments.
Mercator's sons and grandsons were all cartographers and made contributions in various ways to his atlas. Rumold, in particular, was responsible for the complete edition of 1595. The map plates were bought in 1604 by Jodocus Hondius who, with his sons, Jodocus II and Henricus, published enlarged editions which dominated the map market for the following twenty to thirty years.
A good and strong impression. Paper age-toned, as usual. Repair of split lower part center fold.