1848 Duval - Plan Accompanying Gen. Quitman's Report [Battle for Mexico City]

Battle for Mexico City and the end of the Mexican-American War

Title:

Plan accompanying Gen. Quitman's report.

Map maker:

Du Val; War Department

Place and Year:

Washington, D.C., 1848

Dimensions:

49.5 x 34 cm (19.5 x 13.5 in)

Technique:

Lithograph

Coloring:

Original hand color

Condition Rating:

VG+

375.00
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DETAILS

Document from the 30th Congress 1st session, Executive Document No. 1, Message from the President Dec. 7th, 1847.

Map shows streets and roads, structures, and battlefield across the southwest section of Mexico City to the U.S. Army's position in and around Chapultepec. Includes index to military unit positions.

The Battle for Mexico City refers to the series of engagements from September 8 to September 15, 1847, in the general vicinity of Mexico City during the Mexican-American War. Included are major actions at the battles of Molino del Rey and Chapultepec, culminating with the fall of Mexico City. The U.S. Army under Winfield Scott scored a major success that ended the war.

On September 8, the fight for Mexico City began. Scott believed that a cannon foundry was located at the Molino del Rey, the King's Mill, located just over 2 miles (3 km) outside the city. Scott sent the 1st Division under William J. Worth to seize and destroy the foundry. Worth wished to include Chapultepec Castle in his attack, and when Scott refused, a bitter rivalry began between Scott and Worth. In the ensuing battle, both sides suffered heavy casualties, and Worth drove the Mexicans from the mill, separating them from the forces at Chapultepec. The battle produced no significant military gains for the U.S.

The main assault on the city came a few days later on September 12. Mexico City was guarded in part by Chapultepec Castle, which was being used as a military academy. Scott preceded infantry assault with an all day artillery barrage on September 12. The next day, September 13, the 4th Division, under John A. Quitman, spearheaded the attack against Chapultepec and carried the castle. Future Confederate generals George E. Pickett and James Longstreet participated in the attack. Serving in the Mexican defense were the cadets later immortalized as Los Niños Héroes (the "Boy Heroes"). The Mexican forces fell back from Chapultepec and retreated within the city.

The city eventually fell, with General Quitman being the first to enter, marching into the Zócalo plaza in the center of the city in front of the National Palace where a formal surrender took place.

CONDITION NOTES

Minor wear, especially along folds.

IDENTIFIER

NL-00524

REFERENCES

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