1899 Millroy & Hayes - Route of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake
A rare, separately-published version of this striking panoramic bird's-eye-view of the route of the Mormon pioneers
Route of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake. [with:] Guide to the Route Map of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake. 1846-1847.
Millroy & Hayes
Salt Lake City, 1899
11”h x 39 3/8”w at neatline plus title, legend and margins
This spectacular 1899 view depicts the region between the Mississippi River and Great Salt Lake and chronicles this 1300-mile migration. In order to emphasize the drama of the journey, it exaggerates the east-west breadth of the Rocky Mountain region relative to the Plains, while the breadth of the major rivers and height of the Rockies are wildly out of scale. Likely for the same reason, political boundaries are entirely omitted as are all but a few forts and major cities. The route of the migration is indicated by a heavy dashed line, with small circles and dates indicating their day-by-day progress.
The visual appeal of the image is greatly enhanced by dozens of pictorial vignettes. Flanking the route itself are tiny profile views of Chimney Rock, Fort Laramie, Devil’s Gate, Giant Butte, Pulpit Rock and numerous other features encountered by the Mormons. At the base of the view a set of much larger images illustrates circled wagons at night, a native American village, a wagon train, a buffalo hunt, and the scenery of the Rockies. The information on the view is said to have been derived from the journals of Orson Pratt and his brother Parley P. Pratt, original members of the “Quorum of Twelve Apostles.”
There are three known versions of this view, including two variants of a large-scale edition and one reduced edition. Most known examples of the large edition were printed on thin paper and folded into a 31-page Guide to the route map of the Mormon pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake, 1846-1847. The present example, however, was printed on very heavy card stock, issued separately, and clearly intended for presentation and/or display. The small-scale edition measures roughly 8 ½”h x 29”w, lacks the legend and vignette in the lower margin, and bears a prominent note that it was “issued by the New Wilson European Hotel, Salt Lake City.” This edition seems to have been issued over several years both as a pocket map and tipped into a guide book.
The large-scale edition was issued in Salt Lake City by Millroy & Hayes. OCLC records no other publications under their name, though “Millroy” was likely the J.J. Millroy who in 1897 published Millroy’s Map of Alaska and the Klondyke Gold Fields.
View with marginal soiling and a few expertly-mended edge tears, of which three extend into image. Guide book with some staining throughout and chipping to wraps.
Graff #3585 (folding version of large-format edition). Rumsey #11143 (presentation version of large-format edition).