1863 Hutawa - Map of Mexico & California Compiled from the latest authorities
A rare pocket map for California and the Transmississippi West, including detailed environs of Santa Fe
Map of Mexico & California Compiled from the latest authorities by Juls Hutawa Lithr. Second St. 45 St, Louis, Mo. 2 nd Edition 1863
St. Louis, 1863
49.5 x 61 cm (19.5 x 24 in)
Original outline color
This unique and remarkable map had a long history thanks to its enterprising publisher, who figured out how to capitalize on both the keen public interest in the Mexican-American War, and then the need for maps on how to get to the California Gold Rush and the West.
That said, the printing history of this map is not well understood. Hutawa’s first foray into mapping this area seems to be his 1847 map depicting the area as it concerned the Mexican-American War. That map was published as a supplement to the October 1, 1847, edition of the Saint Louis Missouri Republican. Apparently a version of this map was reissued in 1848 with the date 1848 and the words “St. Louis“ in the imprint; unfortunately, the nature of this map is imperfectly known. The map was again (perhaps) reissued with the “St. Louis” removed and the words “2nd Edition'“ substituted. It was then again reissued in 1863, as found here, with the date “1863” and the words “New Mexico” placed on the map by typography rather than lithography. Although apparently not originally intended for California gold seekers, the 1848 edition would have been a serviceable addition to their travel guides.
In fact, the map seems clearly intended for use as something of a handbook for the western traveller and miner. Indicated still are the routes of Smith, Lewis & Clark, Kearney, Frémont, Cooke, Gregg, and others. Also shown are various trails and landmarks, such as forts or trading posts. One thing clearly obvious from the map is that the great West is alive with Native American tribes, the locations of many of which are shown.
The map could also have been published in the interest of those who wanted to develop the area around Santa Fe, New Mexico. Not only does the map show the route of the Santa Fe caravans, but also the area around the city of Santa Fe is depicted in far greater detail than any other portion of the United States; even California, which is outlined in gold, by contrast is relatively empty. Perhaps this map was reissued to assist in the great commercial mining ventures that were being developed in the area and in Mexico itself.
Julius Hutawa was among the early German immigrants to Saint Louis, Missouri, arriving with the Berling Society in 1833 with his brother Edward. The brothers engaged in lithography and publishing, and among the maps created by Julius were Frémont and Nicollet’s Map of the City of St. Louis (1846; see Peters, America on Stone, p. 2287), Map and Profile Sections Showing Railroads of the United States (1849), Map of the United States Showing the Principal Steamboat Routes and Projected Railroads Connecting with St. Louis (1854), etc. (see Tooley). The brothers also published city views (see Reps. Views and Viewmakers of Urban America 774, 1002, 2036, and 2043). Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers, Vol. II, p. 399. Ristow, American Maps & Mapmakers, p. 252, 451-452,462.
Regarding the configuration of Texas, rather than over-reaching to the west in New Mexico and South Pass as seen elsewhere, here Texas interestingly spreads east toward New Orleans.
Backed on soft archival Japanese tissue paper; flattened. Minor loss, spot blemishes, and discoloration along the old fold lines.
The present map is a new issue of a map that first came out in 1847 (Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 547 & Vol. III, p. 46 & Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region 46n, noting a supposed 1848 version, in the Bibliothèque Nationale, which actually has no date, no New Mexico handstamp, and no coloring, although it does have printed “2d edition”).
References to 1863 map: Eberstadt 160:228. Graff 2026. Howell 52:439 & 440 (both are Streeter’s copies). Rumsey 0335.001 (identical to this copy). Streeter Sale 180, but indicating Gadsden Purchase; Streeter Sale 179 is another 1863 edition, which he designates as “third issue.” Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 1072 & Vol. 5, Part I, p.99 (characterizing the 1863 map as a “commercial” venture and stating that the depictions shown seem to demonstrate that: “Hutawa seems to have lost his taste for work..; ist only ‘new’ features being boundary lines (as of about 1853) for Washington, Oregon, Utah, and New Mexico.”