1691 Coronelli - Mare del Nord
Late 17th century chart of the North Atlantic, by Vincenzo Coronelli, "the King’s cartographer"
Mare del Nord
Vincenzo Maria Coronelli, Atlante Veneto
60 x 45 cm (23.7 x 17.7 in)
This ornate chart of the northern Atlantic Ocean is dedicated to Giovanni Grimani with his coat of arms in the elaborate title cartouche.
The chart includes considerable coastline detail particularly along the eastern seaboard of North America, the West Indies and the northern coast of South America. The detail is confined primarily to coastlines. The ocean is crossed with rhumb lines and the large title cartouche is composed of two mermen and sugar cane.
Three particularly interesting notations include:
1. A note in South America which details three openings to the Great River of the Amazons, the best of which is in the middle leading to Gurupa. The other two are to be avoided, on account of violent tides and rough water which no anchor can hold.
2. A caption above the Grand Banks of Newfoundland stating that from April 19th to July the fisherman of many nations sail to this area to catch baccala (cod). As detailed by Mark Kurlansky in both Cod and Salt, when Basque whalers applied salting techniques to cod, they found it preserved particularly well. This gave the fish such importance in the European diet that by the mid-16th century the majority of fish eaten in Europe was cod. Sadly, Atlantic cod is largely extinct today; thus on this map we see traces of the history of human impact on the environment.
3. A patriotic caption in Labrador declares that Antonio Zeno of Venice discovered the region in 1390.
Vincenzo Coronelli, Franciscan Friar, renowned mathematician and cartographer, was a leading figure in the second great era of Venetian cartography. In the early 16th century, Venice was known for great cartographers Forlani and Gastaldi, and after over a century of Dutch domination of cartography, Venetian cartographers again rose to prominence. Coronelli was perhaps the greatest. In the early 1680s, he lived in Paris while building two globes for Louis XIV, commissioned by Cardinal César d'Estrées. In 1685, six years before the production of this map, he was appointed official Cosmographer to the Venetian Republic. Later in life he founded the world's earliest geographic society, L'Accademia Cosmografica degli Argonauti.
A dark impression with a hint of toning along the centerfold and minor offsetting.
Burden #679; Manasek #61; Shirley (BL Atlases) T.CORO-7a #20.